The dismissal means the end of an employment relationship by a unilateral declaration. When the employer dismisses an employee, certain deadlines have to be met. These are fixed in the collective agreement, in the employment contract or in the labour law.
If it is the employee who gives notice of dismissal, he can do that without restrictions. However if it is the employer who wants to terminate an employment relationship, he has to prove that the termination is socially acceptable. Particular groups of individuals' contracts can be terminated only in few cases or in accordance with the public authority.
An extraordinary termination is only valid if there are specific reasons. Notice must be given within fourteen days after stating the reason. This is applied both to the notice given by the employee and the termination made by the employer.